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Markedness and Syllable Contact in Korean Phonology

  • 인문논총
  • 2009, 24(), pp.279-315
  • Publisher : Institute for Human studies, Kyungnam University
  • Research Area : Humanities > Other Humanities

Chung, Chin Wan 1

1전북대학교

Candidate

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this paper is to look at the two major assimilation processes in Korean and provide a constraint based analysis. We argue that the most important factors in each of assimilation processes in Korean are AgreeーPlace for place assimilation and SyllCon for manner assimilation. The AgreeーPlace constraint and other place markedness constraints interact and select the optimal output form for place assimilation. On the other hand, the trigger constraint for manner assimilation, SyllCon interacts with other markedness and faithfulness constraints in the selection of the most harmonic output for manner assimilation. The paper reveals that universal place markedness hierarchy should be modified to explain place assimilation in Korean. At the same time, we should assume a sonority hierarchy, specific to the Korean language, to correctly implement the SyllCon constraint and propose an analysis for manner assimilation. This paper also reveals that the direction of both place and manner assimilation is predominantly regressive and is well supported by 'Positional Faithfulness' proposed by Beckman (1997, 2004).

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