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The Factors Influencing The Intention of Persistence in Romantic Relationship: Actor and Partner Effect

  • 인문논총
  • 2020, 52(), pp.75-101
  • DOI : 10.33638/JHS.52.4
  • Publisher : Institute for Human studies, Kyungnam University
  • Research Area : Humanities > Other Humanities
  • Received : April 26, 2020
  • Accepted : June 12, 2020
  • Published : June 30, 2020

jisu, kim 1 Jaehong Ko 2

1경상남도사회서비스원
2경남대학교

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ABSTRACT

The present study tested the Rusbult’s investment model with dyadic couples in romantic relationships, measuring the persistence of romantic relationships as an behavioral intention of persistence. First, specifically, the current research investigated if commitment to a relationship mediates which of the independent variables among intention of persistence and the three independent variables in the investment model. Second, using the APIM, the present research not only explored the impacts of the three independent variables on commitment, but those of commitment on persistence intentions in terms of actor effect and partner effect. To analyze the magnitude of actor effect and partner effect by gender, data was collected from 81 couples both online and offline that measures satisfaction with and commitment to associations, investment size, and persistence intentions. Major findings are as follows: (i) satisfaction with associations turned out to a variable influencing intention of persistence in and commitment to relationships most among the three independent variables. And commitment to associations proved to a mediator between satisfaction and persistence intentions as well as between investment size and persistence intentions, respectively while it did not mediate between quality of alternatives and intention of persistence; (ii) couples showed reciprocity in the intention of persistence, but not in the commitment; (iii) Regarding satisfaction, commitment by investment size, and persistence intentions due to commitment, the actor effect was overall larger than the partner effect. Particularly, men and women remained about the same in actor effect, but females’ partner effect turned out to be larger concerning the effect of commitment on persistence intentions.

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