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The allowable range of ‘subjetivity’ in Chinese socialism aesthetics - On the ‘subjectivity’ of Gao Ertai(高爾泰)’s aesthetics, and the criticism of his theory

  • 인문논총
  • 2020, 53(), pp.23-39
  • DOI : 10.33638/JHS.53.2
  • Publisher : Institute for Human studies, Kyungnam University
  • Research Area : Humanities > Other Humanities
  • Received : July 31, 2020
  • Accepted : October 13, 2020
  • Published : October 31, 2020

Lee SangHwa 1

1충북대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Gao Ertai(高爾泰)'s basic aesthetic view was subjectivism. It is the opinion that beauty is formed by the standard of subjective beauty of human beings, not by the nature of objective objects. Gao Ertai's argument is mainly criticized for Cai Yi(蔡儀)'s mechanical materialism. Gao Ertai, however, is criticized by Chinese practical aestheticians such as Li Zehou(李澤厚) and Zhu Guangqien(朱光潛). They were criticisms based on the materialism of socialist China that the source of beauty cannot be seen only as a subject matter. However, practicing aestheticians also criticized Cai yi's mechanical materialism. It was criticized that the source of beauty cannot be seen only as a purely objective nature of things. Practical aestheticians distanced itself from pure objectivism, criticizing mechanical materialism. And Practical aesthetics also distanced itself from pure subjectivism, criticizing Gao Ertai's subjectivity. In the end, practice aesthetics were established based on subjective theory that beauty does not come from objective facts or characteristics. In addition, it was established based on an objective theory that beauty was not unrelated to objective facts. Practical aesthetics was such an established and special aesthetics.

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