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A Comparative Study between the Oni of a Japanese folk tale and the dokkaebi of a Korean folk tale

  • 인문논총
  • 2021, 56(), pp.71-95
  • Publisher : Institute for Human studies, Kyungnam University
  • Research Area : Humanities > Other Humanities
  • Received : August 30, 2021
  • Accepted : October 1, 2021
  • Published : October 31, 2021

Kwanghyung Lee 1 Gumsuk kim 2

1강원대학교
2상지대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This paper is The purpose of this paper is to analyze the differences between the two texts by comparing the narrative structures of the Japanese folk tale "The Horse with a Stomachache" and the Korean folk tale "The Bull that Won Against a Dokkaebi". The epic structure of "The Horse with a Stomachache" is similar to that of "The Bull that Won Against a Dokkaebi" in that humans, animals and fantasy form a triangle. The differences between the two tales come from the fact that characters’ occupations, the types of animals and the shapes of fantasy are different. The packhorse driver of "The Horse with a Stomachache" accepts Oni's offer to give the horse 10 times the power if he hides it in the horse's stomach for a year and carries out the contract. After overcoming all the hardships and completing the contract, the horse and the packhorse driver are reborn as the world's best horse and porter thanks to Oni's power. The farmer of "The Bull that Won Against a Dokkaebi" goes to the market to sell his horse getting tired of hunger and happens to meet a dokkaebi on his way to the market. The dokkaebi threatens to eat the bull. So the farmer suggests to the dokkaebi that it should fight and defeat the bull. After having defeated the dokkaebi with its horns, the horse returns home and scolds the farmer who ran away first, and continues to live receiving the farmer’s hospitality in the same house. The analysis of the two tales according to the triangle of desire reveals the desire to achieve the rise of status by getting a outstanding ability in "The Horse with a Stomachache", and the desire to continue even a hard life by overcoming disasters humorously in “The Bull that Won Against a Dokkaebi".

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.