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pISSN : 2733-8649 / eISSN : 2733-8657

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2023, Vol.29, No.4

  • 1.

    The Physical Environment and Behavioral·Psychological Health and Quality of Life for the Elderly People with Dementia - A Follow-up Study of Empirical Research, conducted on the Context of Long-term Care Facilities for the Elderly People with Dementia, to Identify Healing Environmental Factors and to Expand the Understanding of Related Clinical Outcomes

    Young-Seon Choi | 2023, 29(4) | pp.7~20 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Purpose: The main purpose of this paper is to assess a body of research evidence that articulates the impact of physical and environmental factors on behavioral·psychological health and quality of life for the elderly people with dementia who reside in long-term care facilities. This follow-up study of the previous literature review aims to further identify physical and environmental factors, that improve health and quality of life for the elderly people with dementia, published in recent five years and to expand the understanding of clinical outcomes as mechanism that mediate the effect of physical environmental factors on improving behavioral·psychological health and quality of life for the elderly people with dementia. Methods: Comprehensive literature review has been conducted to identify empirical studies that link the design of dementia care facilities to health- and quality of care(QOL)-related outcomes and this follow-up review scrutinized peer-reviewed articles published in recent five years (from January 2018 to December 2022), filling the gap between the previous literature review and the current state of research. Results: The review identified a growing body of literature that articulates environment-related factors that improve behavioral·psychological health and quality of life for the elderly people with dementia living long-term care facilities Implications: The findings of the review can be translated to design implications and design decisions to promote psychological and behavioral health and quality of life of people with dementia in long-term care facilities.
  • 2.

    Surveying the preferences of new generation of seniors for retirement housing and exploring future directions

    Kwon, Soon-Jung , Park, Hwa-Ok , Lim, Jung-won and 1 other persons | 2023, 29(4) | pp.21~28 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Purpose: This study is to analyze the preferences for future senior housing that reflects the characteristics of the new generation of seniors and to consider the direction of future senior housing. Methods: Data from an online survey of a new generation of older adults and group interviews with professionals and baby boomers were analyzed. The data collected from the survey and interview have been using quantitative analysed method. Literature surveys also have been carried out. Results: The results show that future senior housing requires a change in perception through conceptual expansion from the Aging in Place (AIP) to the Aging in Community (AIC) paradigm. The preferences of the new generation of seniors for future senior housing were examined to determine their preferences for location, facility size and type, unit floor plans and services, and living costs. Implications: The direction of senior housing services and architectual plans for seniors aged 55 to 65 years old were discussed.
  • 3.

    A Study on the Room Conversion Type when Converting a Patient Bed-Room into a Negative Pressure Isolation Room - Focused on Nationally designated Isolation Wards and Urgent Isolation Wards

    Kim, Jiyoon , HYUNJIN LEE , Kwon, Soon-Jung | 2023, 29(4) | pp.29~35 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Purpose: The 2015 Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) outbreak and the recent COVID-19 pandemic have highlighted the lack of negative pressure isolation rooms and the fragility of the healthcare system. The need for healthcare facility transformation for respiratory infectious diseases has become more prominent due to COVID-19, and the purpose of this study is to provide a foundation for the rapid, economical, and safe construction of negative pressure isolation wards. Methods: This study analyzes the current status of hospitals that have been converted to negative pressure isolation rooms, and provides architectural plans and examples to provide a reference for bedroom change. Research data of this study have been obtained by analyzing the drawings of negative pressure isolation wards of nationally designated inpatient treatment beds and urgent isolation beds. In addition, the relevant literature of urgent isolation beds has been analyzed to derive bedroom change type. Result: In this study, a total of 21 isolation bed conversion methods have been presented. Implications: In order to change efficiently from a general ward to an isolation ward, it is necessary to consider the actual hospital's infectious disease transmission patterns and facility conditions.
  • 4.

    Review of Environmental Characteristics and Building Finishes Controlling the Spread of SARS-CoV-2 - Focused on overseas literature related to antiviral experiments

    Park, Yonghyun , HYUNJIN LEE , Kwon, Soon-Jung | 2023, 29(4) | pp.37~44 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Purpose: Currently, research on environmental conditions and finishing materials for medical facilities with proven antiviral performance is poor in Korea. Through this study, we have explored environmental characteristics and finishing materials that can be used to control cross-infection when constructing medical facilities. Methods: Experiments in overseas papers related to antiviral effects of environmental conditions, spatial compartments, and interior finishes have been analyzed. Results: The higher the temperature, the higher the humidity, and the higher the illuminance of sunlight, the lower the viability of the corona-virus. The proliferation of viruses was suppressed on the surface of the copper alloy. Materials such as brushed steel are the ones that maintain the strongest viability. Among the characteristics of the surface, survival and propagation power differ depending on whether it is porous or hydrophilic. In the case of infection ward actually operated in Italy, the presence of airborne viruses in contaminated and non-contaminated spaces differed significantly. Corona-virus has been identified in reachable parts such as door handles and medical shelves in quasi-contaminated spaces, which are spaces between contaminated and non-contaminated spaces, but the corona-virus has not been identified in cases of out-of-touch walls. Implications: It is necessary to evaluate the performance by testing the construction finishing materials of infection control facilities according to domestic conditions.
  • 5.

    A Study on the Necessity and Importance of AI Smart Housing Services for the Housing Disadvantaged Persons

    Bae, Yoongho , Kim, Sungwan , Ha, Chun | 2023, 29(4) | pp.45~56 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Purpose: Recently, Korea has been promoting smart cities that combine artificial intelligence(AI), big data, ICT, and the Internet of Things(IoT), and these technologies are being applied to housing services and are developing into smart housing services. This study try to analyze what is the most necessary and important the AI smart housing services for the housing disadvantaged persons through a survey of experts and the housing disadvantaged persons. And by collecting these necessary and important services, we aim to present elements and directions for the AI smart housing services policy for the housing disadvantaged persons. Methods: Firstly, we asked 11 experts, Secondly, the desire and necessity for the above smart housing service was identified through an online survey targeting the housing disadvantaged persons. Thirdly, the survey was analyzed and reliability was measured through descriptive statistical analysis using SPSS program. Fourthly, based on the results of descriptive statistics analysis, the necessity and importance of AI smart housing services from the perspective of the housing disadvantaged were derived. Results: The results of this study are that firstly, both experts and those with the housing disadvantaged persons viewed safety and health-related services as the most important and necessary among AI smart housing services, secondly, there is a difference in perspectives on the services that should be priority between experts and people with disabilities, and in particular, there is a difference in the priorities of experts and the disabled, and lastly there are differences in perspectives and needs for services that should be priority between the disabled and the elderly.
  • 6.

    A Study on the Area Composition of the Operating Unit After Remodeling

    Kim Khil Chae | 2023, 29(4) | pp.57~67 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Purpose: Recently, the operating unit remodeling compititon has been increasing rapidly in Korea, but there are no design infomation for spatial planning of sterile supply storage. Therefore, the propose of this study is to present area composition of the operating unit after remodeling. Methods: For literature review, the 6 studies and guidelines of operating unit(guidelines in the U.S, Australia, UK and Korea and 2 studies in Korea) conducted surveys and analysis. Room and space composition and zone of operating unit are redefined for this study. For obtaining area, to conduct masuring and calcuating of document of operating unit before and after remodeling in 3 cases. There are some patterns of plan in operaing unit by sterile supply storage. This study derived data for attributes of area composition of sterile supply storage. Results: The results of this study are as follows: First, Reviewing previous studies and Guidelines, for this study the suggested model was 5 zones(Operating zone, Support zone, Patient zone, Staff zone, Circulation zone) and redefined each room and space. Second, For infection control, sterile supply storage was provided to directly accessible to the operating room. Third, According to ralation of operting room and sterile supply storage, there are two types : ‘double loaded type’ and ‘single loded type’. Sterile supply storage shall increase area of ciculation zone. Implications: This study can be used as primary data on remodeling of operating unit. In addition, it suggests that for infect control sterile supply storage is functional area.
  • 7.

    Analysis of Minimum Airflow Differences between Supply and Exhaust Air according to Airtightness of Rapidly Converted Temporary Negative Pressure Isolation Rooms

    Shin, Hee Won , Kim, Dong Wook , Kim, Ji Min and 2 other persons | 2023, 29(4) | pp.69~77 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Purpose: During the COVID-19 pandemic, there have been many cases of converting regular hospital wards into temporary negative pressure isolation wards. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the minimum airflow differences that satisfies the pressure difference criteria(-2.5 Pa) according to airtightness of switching type wards, in preparation for utilization of aging regular wards as negative pressure isolation wards. Methods: Visual inspection and field measurements were conducted using blower door to evaluate airtightness of 5 hospital wards. CONTAM simulation was used to assess the airflow differences when pressure difference between the corridor and wards met the criteria at various levels of airtightness. Results: The ACH50 of evaluated wards ranged from 19.3 to 50.1 h-1 with an average of 37.0 h-1, indicating more than four times leakier than other building types. The minimum airflow differences increased as the airtightness of the wards decreased and the size of the wards increased. Implications: When operating rapidly converted negative pressure isolation wards, understanding airtightness is crucial for determining the minimum airflow differences to maintain the pressure differences. The analysis of this study suggests that improving the airtightness of aging rooms is essential and the minimum airflow differences should be suggested considering both the airtightness and size of rooms.