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A Review ontheNatureofGoguryo’sThreeFortresses aroundtheImjinRiverBasin

권순진 1

1국방문화재연구원

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Thisisto review thenatureofKoguryo’sthreefortressesin theImjin Riverbasinfrom thetwomilitaryhistoricalperspectives. Firstone was based on the period from the lastquarter ofthe 4th century tomid-6th century when Koguryo engaged in offensiveoperations Horogoroowaslocated alongtheattack routeofBaekje,thusitcontained Baekje’s attack and played a role as an assembly area forthe reserve force.Horogorooand Dangpofortresseswererepaired so thatthefortress becamestrongholdstocontrolsurrounding areasand supply bases.While Eundaerifortresswasdisused. Second one was based on the period from the second halfofthe 6th century to the second halfofthe 7th century when turned to defensive operations and the battles were stalemated. The three fortresses were vulnerabletoattacksbecausetheareastothesouth ofthefortresseswere higherthan thefortresses.Forthisreason,itseemed thatHorogorooand Dang-pofortresseswereused ascommand postsandsupplybasesduring the battles.Itseemed,however,thatEundaerifortress lostits defensive functionandMoodeng-rifortassumedtheroleofdefense.

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