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MacArthur'sStandpointoftheInternationalMilitary TribunalFarEastandtheoriginsofRefractionof KoreaJapanRelationsafterWorldWarⅡ

Sangho Lee 1

1국방부군사편찬연구소

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Japan's historicaloblivion aboutthe War criminalthrough 1931~1945has been grand barrierto rebuild Korea-Japan relationsafterWorld War Ⅱ.Especially,the remission of‘emperor' Hirohito ofJapan from war crimes was caused by America's occupation policy over Japan which justifiedJapaneserightists'actionandremarks. Becauseitaffected theKorea-Japan relationsafterKorea'sLiberation in 1945,thisIMFTE casewasimportantin thecontemporaryhistoryofkorea. This article, investigates IMFTE process through telegram exchanges betweenMacArthurandWashingtonovertheTokyoTrial. OnSeptember11th,1945,DouglasMacArthurasSupremeCommanderfor theAlliedPowersissuedan orderofarrestoftheformerPrimeMinisterof ImperialJapan Tojo Hidekiand 44 persons.Thereafter,on January 19,1946, public announcement was made to ‘Establish the International MilitaryTribunalFarEast’,andthetrialstartedfrom May3,1946. Insteadofbeingstrictlypunished,theywererelievedasAmerican policy toward theJapan had changed.Finally,only 7ofthedefendantsofwar crimewereexecutedonDecember23,1948after2yearsoftrial. Disregarding the 20million Asian people’s wishes,the military tribunal reserved punishmentofthe key war criminals ofJapan which caused Japan’sdistortionofitshistoryandkoreaJapanrelationship.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.