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Not Theory Testing but the Innovation of Experimental Techniques: -Unhierarchical Interrelation between Experiment and Theory-

  • Journal of Humanities
  • 2008, (42), pp.235-256
  • Publisher : Institute for Humanities
  • Research Area : Humanities > Other Humanities
  • Received : June 23, 2008
  • Accepted : August 8, 2008

LEE SANG WON 1

1숙명여자대학교

Candidate

ABSTRACT

Philosophies of Lakatos and Kuhn are those which stress theory. Lakatos argues the one single experiment cannot determine the truth or falsity of a theory in light of his two theses of ‘negation of crucial experiment’ and ‘autonomy of theoretical science’. Kuhn says that normal science is dominated by paradigm by help of his conceptions on ‘the priority of paradigms’. According to him, experiment is just performed in view of paradigm. Hacking criticizes hierarchical view of theory-dominated philosophy of science, which defenses the domination of experiment by theory. He argues that experiment is not performed only for theoretical purposes and experimenters sometimes can do a thing which theoreticians deny to do that. Hacking, however, does not put experiment high position somewhere over theory. I probe two different interpretations of Lakatos’s and Hacking’s on the Michelson experiment. Hacking’s argument is not another hierarchical view which stresses experiment over theory. His point constitutes a critique of theory-dominated philosophy of science.

Citation status

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This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.