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Research on the Impact of the Double Reduction(Shuang Jian) Policy on Private Education during the Xi Jinping Era

  • Journal of Asia-Pacific Studies
  • Abbr : JAPS
  • 2023, 30(4), pp.61-96
  • DOI : 10.18107/japs.2023.30.4.003
  • Publisher : Institute of Global Affairs
  • Research Area : Social Science > Social Science in general
  • Received : November 7, 2023
  • Accepted : December 19, 2023
  • Published : December 30, 2023

Yoon, Taehee 1

1상명대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

After the revival of the college entrance exam, the field of private education in China achieved rapid expansion. However, it also brought about several issues, including the deepening of the family burden, the imbalance of education, and aggravated disorders by private tutoring institutions during the Xi Jinping era. The authorities announced Double Reduction(Shuang Jian) policy to deal with these issues. In this context, this study aims to analyze the impact of the Double Reduction policy during the Xi Jinping era in the private education sector, focusing on the responses of various actors on the national policy, with the analysis of literature and documentary research. This article presents the following research results. First of all, After the announcement of Double Reduction, the government pursued the nonprofitization of the private education sector and reinforced supervision of the private education institutions, which caused problems such as the downturn of private education-related companies and the dismissal of workers in the private education sector. Secondly, to deal with the government’s policy, some private education companies moved into quality education or jumped into other industries outside the private education sector. Thirdly, the Double Reduction also caused the expansion of the black market in private education. Besides, despite the authorities’ efforts, the existence of the entrance examination and prestigious schools are crucial factors that create the demand for private education.

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