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Empirical Analysis on Determinants of Quality of Life(QoL) at Agricultural Region in Tanzania: In Respect of Subjective Satisfaction and on Context of ODA & SDG

  • Journal of Regional Studies and Development
  • Abbr : JRSD
  • 2016, (), pp.111-147
  • DOI : 10.18350/ipaid.2016.25s.111
  • Publisher : Institute for Poverty Alleviation and International Development: IPAID
  • Research Area : Social Science > Area Studies > Regional Studies in general > Comparative / Statistical Regional Studies
  • Published : March 25, 2016

Chang-Hyon Jo 1 Moo Hyun Choi 2 CHANG SOO KIM 1 PYEONG JUN YU 1

1연세대학교
2상지대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This article aims to analyze the determinants of resident’s quality of life(QoL) through subjective satisfaction survey at the agricultural region in Tanzania, and to research the interrelation and influence of these variables through the path-analysis. In the path-analysis, the main path from independent variables to quality of life is composed of the path of A2(dwelling environment) influencing to A5(impartiality of community) and A6(fatalism overcoming), at the same time, path of A3(public child welfare) and A4(individual nutrition and hygiene) influencing to A5(impartiality of community) at first stage, and the path of A5(impartiality of community) and A6(fatalism overcoming) together influencing to A1(positive thinking of future) at second stage, and the path of A1(positive thinking of future) influencing to ‘quality of life’ ultimately at last stage. On the basis of the analysis results, there are some implications about enhancing the quality of life. First, along with the significant A1(positive thinking of future), minimum livelihood income and dwelling environment, public child wellbeing and individual nutrition and hygiene, impartial community are necessary together. Secondly, the participation of residents and the construction of impartial and healthy community are necessary to get the quality of life higher. Thirdly, the enlargement of person’s income and the improvement of life environment are basically necessary as background for the quality of life. Fourthly, the public hygiene is important to keep the individual health good. Fifthly, the continuing support to the education and the fatalism overcoming of the poverty destiny are also needed. Also, there are some implication in context of the efficiency of ODA and the sustainable development goals(SDG). First, the subjective satisfaction survey has to be executed and reflected for the ‘quality of life’ policy along with researching objective index. Secondly, in the path structure of variables, SDG-based ODA programs are implemented for the synergy effect. Thirdly, Although the ODA programme is purposed to the enhancing quality of life in individual, the foundation of impartiality in good government and healthy society has to be prepared as intermediate variable at the level of community. Fourthly, when looking at the sustainable development, the level-based project or programme is implemented on the structural basis of individual motivation theory. the support (which facilitate the positive thinking of future at the level of individual) is accomplished systematically step by step according to the economic and environmental life conditions. Fifthly, it is necessary to ensure the consistency of and the relationship with ‘quality of life’ policies in the respect of the sustainability of ODA. Sixthly, the linkage of performance evaluation and individual motivation is strengthened by the feedback system for the ODA and SDG.

Citation status

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This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.