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A study of the origin of inclusive education theories in the United States(Ⅰ)-Focusing on the relationship of the human services-

  • Journal of Special Education: Theory and Practice
  • Abbr : JSPED
  • 2006, 7(4), pp.583-600
  • Publisher : Research Institute of the Korea Special Education
  • Research Area : Social Science > Education

HONG, JEONG-SUK 1

1대구대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study was conducted to identify the fundamental characteristics of inclusive education theories developed in the United States. The study focused particularly on Alan Gartner and Dorothy Kerzner Lipsky, leading proponents of full inclusion, in an effort to elucidate their theory's logical structure, its origin, and its ideological and social context. This paper presents the basic work of this study. This paper analyses the kinds of social roles played by the human services organization which Gartner engaged from mid-1960s to 1970s and his activity relating the organization to American society. The Community Action Agency where Gartner worked employed and trained paraprofessionals. He went on to direct the New Careers Foundation which provided research and support to promote the acceptance of paraprofessionals. Gartner worked for the economic independence of the poor and for improvement in their social standing. That is, Gartner worked to integrate the poor into the economic and social mainstream.

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