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A Study on Individualizing The Curriculum based on Individualized Education Program

  • Journal of Special Education: Theory and Practice
  • Abbr : JSPED
  • 2008, 9(3), pp.387-408
  • Publisher : Research Institute of the Korea Special Education
  • Research Area : Social Science > Education

Yoon kwang-bo 1

1대구사이버대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The present study purposed to suggest a plan for curriculum individualization using individualized education program in order to remove discrepancies between common classes and teaching of individualized education program for disabled students. For this, this study suggested how to make and execute teaching plans for common classes by reflecting individualized education program, the curricular functions of individualized education plans, the relation between individualized education program and curriculum individualization. The results of this study are as follows. First, individualized education program play the functions of instrumental means that induce disabled students to participate in class curriculums and help them make practical progress in learning. Second, individualized education program should be developed based on the common curriculums of class, and the goals of individualized education program should be included in integrated class teaching plans. Third, in order to develop integrated instructional plan, the common curriculum framework of class including disabled student should be developed, and the current performance of disabled students should be evaluated based on the framework and reflected in the annual education plan of the class. In addition, the long term and short term goals of education for disabled student should be set based on the annual education plan, and unit teaching plan based on the annual education plan should be made, reflecting the long term and short term goals for disabled students. Lastly, integrated instructional plan including class plan for disabled student should be made by individualizing the unit teaching plan. Fourth, individualized instruction based on individualized education program should provide many opportunities for interaction between teachers and class members. For this, the instruction should consider not only the characteristics of learners but also other factors such as teachers, teaching materials and environment.

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