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An exploratory study of differences in social support, perceived caregiving control and depressive symptoms among mothers of persons with intellectual disability across the life span

  • Journal of Special Education: Theory and Practice
  • Abbr : JSPED
  • 2009, 10(3), pp.81-107
  • Publisher : Research Institute of the Korea Special Education
  • Research Area : Social Science > Education

Kim, Kyo Yeon 1

1선문대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study investigated social support, perceived caregiving control and depressive symptoms and their relationships among 530 mothers of persons with intellectual disabilities in their childhood(age 3-12), adolescence(age 13-18), and adulthood(age 19-35), exploring the effect of the life span affiliation of the children with disabilities. The analysis revealed that mothers of adults showed the lower level of perceived social support and outcome expectancy of developmental achievements than mothers of children and adolescents did. Any differences were not found in the level of depressive symptoms of mothers and in the relations of social support, outcome expectancy and caregiving self-efficacy to depressive symptoms of mothers across the different life span of children. These findings suggested that greater emphasis be placed on the importance of social support for mothers of persons with intellectual disabilities and especially on the expanded provision of social support for families of persons with intellectual disabilities in their adulthood.

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