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Executive Functional characteristics of Children with Learning Disability, Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, and Children with Normal

  • Journal of Special Education: Theory and Practice
  • Abbr : JSPED
  • 2009, 10(4), pp.565-590
  • Publisher : Research Institute of the Korea Special Education
  • Research Area : Social Science > Education

송찬원 1

1대구교육대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study is aimed for revealing differences of executive functional characteristics of children with learning disability, children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder(ADHD), and children with normal. The sample consists of 30 reading disorder children, 30 math disorder children, 30 ADHD children, and 30 normal children. ‘Kims Frontal-Executive Function Test for children’was employed as an investigation tool for finding executive functional traits of each group in this study. This tool is comprised of four small tests, which are ‘Stroop Test’, ‘Word Fluency Test’, ‘Design Fluency’, and ‘Auditory Verbal Learning Test’. This study conducted one-way ANOVA and MANOVA by using SPSS 14.0 program so as to verify whether there are significant differences among each group. The following findings are derived based on this study’s results and debates. Among learning disability children, ADHD children, and normal children, there are obvious differences of the capability of self-control and response, cognitive flexibility, working memory which are sub-types of executive function. Therefore, this study that compared differences of learning ability and executive function related to activity traits among three groups will support not only for applying a distinctive teaching-learning method, but also for study of mediation considering unique traits among children with learning disability, children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder(ADHD), and children with normal.

Citation status

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