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Review of the Studies of ADHD Factor Structure reflected in DSM

  • Journal of Special Education: Theory and Practice
  • Abbr : JSPED
  • 2010, 11(2), pp.361-385
  • Publisher : Research Institute of the Korea Special Education
  • Research Area : Social Science > Education

이정림 1 Kang, Kyung Sook 2

1한국육아정책연구원
2원광대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The DSM-IV-TR is the most commonly used manual in the United States to identify students with ADHD. The DSM-IV-TR used in this study contains 18 ADHD criteria for children’s problematic behaviors manifested in inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity. Although DSM-IV-TR criteria have been used in research on ADHD with Korean school-age children, psychometric characteristics of ADHD criteria described in the DSM-IV-TR have not been examined. This missing information is imperative for quality research. In this context, factor structures of ADHD need to be explained under theoretical assumptions, and it has to be examined educational context of various national situations. Therefore the purpose of this study was to review various researches on ADHD factor structure and to identify whether the current version of the DSM-IV-TR, which consists of two dimensions of inattention and hyperactivity- impulsivity, was appropriate for describing the psychological and behavioral problems of ADHD children of other countries. Recently, some studies have been using confirmatory factor analysis to determine the factor structures of ADHD based on DSM versions. And the discussions and suggestions on ADHD factor structure and future studies was provided.

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