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The Study on Comparison of Special and General Class Teachers' Perception toward Deaf Culture

  • Journal of Special Education: Theory and Practice
  • Abbr : JSPED
  • 2014, 15(1), pp.55-77
  • Publisher : Research Institute of the Korea Special Education
  • Research Area : Social Science > Education

Park, Chan-young 1 Choi, Sung Kyu 1

1대구대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to compare the special and general class teachers' perception toward deaf culture. 400 special teachers and 400 general class teachers, hearing impaired students were studying, who were teaching at regular school in the level of elementary, middle, and high school were participated for this study. The questionnaire was constructed with 27 questions, and analyzed with factor analysis. Factor analysis, t test, correlation, and regression were utilized for this study. The results of this study were that the special class teachers indicated biculturalism toward deaf culture but the general class teachers indicated as a disability to culture. The general education teachers recognized sign language as the language that the deaf students used to communicate, but they did not regard that the deaf students were using two languages and in part of two cultures. Additionally, the general education teachers were positive to the use of sign language for the deaf students. In sum, for the development of deaf education in Korea, it is necessary to alter perception about deaf culture, from deafness as a disability to culture. Additionally, more educational programs that can promote this perceptional change should be developed based on a bilingual-bicultural approach.

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