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Analysis of Code-switching types and its cause For the Deaf in Korea

  • Journal of Special Education: Theory and Practice
  • Abbr : JSPED
  • 2015, 16(3), pp.203-223
  • Publisher : Research Institute of the Korea Special Education
  • Research Area : Social Science > Education

Lee, Hyun Hwa 1 Byeong Chen Yoon 1

1나사렛대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The study is on the analysis of code-switching types of Korean Sign Language·Signed Korean that occurs when a Deaf and a hearing person with certified sign language translation ability talk to each other and on the analysis of the reason for the code-switching. In the study, a figure「Frog, Where Are You?」has been presented to 4 Deaf and they were asked to describe it to a Deaf and a hearing person, and to make a conversation. The procedure was recorded in a video as a study material, transcribed through 'ELAN 4.6.2', and analysis was made on it. Followings are the results of the study. First of all, the type of code-switching exhibited 3 types: additional Korean word classes, transition to Korean phrase, and transition to finger spelling. In 24% of the cases, Korean word classes are added, in 22% of the cases, Korean phrase transition was occurred, and in 54% of the cases, transition to finger spelling occurred, which was obviously the most frequently viewed. Korean word classes added in the process included Korean verbs of ‘to do’ and ‘to become’, and other postpositions and adverbs. Secondly, the reasons that code-switching occur with a Deaf were classified into 5 categories: understanding of the context, transferring of correct messages, checking, educating, and the hearing person. The design of the study, in which a speaker let a hearer understand the picture story and then talk about it freely in a dialogue, showed that understanding and transferring of correct messages most frequently appeared to be the reason.

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