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Research Synthesis of Foreign Countries on Challenging Behaviors of Young Children: 2011- October, 2018

  • Journal of Special Education: Theory and Practice
  • Abbr : JSPED
  • 2019, 20(2), pp.33-65
  • DOI : 10.19049/JSPED.2019.20.2.02
  • Publisher : Research Institute of the Korea Special Education
  • Research Area : Social Science > Education
  • Received : February 14, 2019
  • Accepted : April 23, 2019
  • Published : June 30, 2019

Taeyoung Kim 1

1호남대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The purpose of the study was to review the current research synthesis(trends of academic journals, participants, research method, research topics, and independent/dependent variables) of foreign countries on challenging behaviors of young children from 2011 to October, 2018. Results of the research synthesis of foreign countries was compared with them of domestic research synthesis on the basis of commonness and differences. A total of 124 studies, which were all written by English was analyzed and most of the studies were published in peer-reviewed academic journals of USA. The outcomes of research synthesis were presented in the following. First, studies of young children with challenging behaviors were mainly published in Topics in Early Childhood Special Education(21%) and Early Childhood Research Quarterly(15.3%). The studies were actively researched from 2011 to 2016, however turned to decrease in 2017 and 2018. Second, participants of the studies were mainly young children with and without disabilities including those at risk and their teachers and parents. Participating children were mostly preschool age. Among young children with disabilities, children with autistic spectrum disorder and emotional disorder participated in the highest rate of the studies. The studies mainly used survey research(35.5%), single subject design(13.7%), and experimental research(12.9%). Third, topics of the studies were mainly about early intervention for young children with challenging behaviors, particularly positive behavior supports(37.9%) and effects on development and learning of young children's challenging behaviors(13.7%). Finally, studies of SSD(12 of a total of 17 studies) and experimental research mainly used positive behavior support(PBS) as an independent variable. These studies all used challenging behaviors as a dependent variable and many of them used treatment fidelity of teachers or parents.

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