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Domestic Research Trend of Music Therapy for Hospice Patients and Verification of Effect Size in Therapeutic Intervention

  • Journal of Special Education: Theory and Practice
  • Abbr : JSPED
  • 2023, 24(3), pp.191-217
  • Publisher : Research Institute of the Korea Special Education
  • Research Area : Social Science > Education
  • Received : August 9, 2023
  • Accepted : September 13, 2023
  • Published : September 30, 2023

Kim, Gyeong Hui 1 Ji Kyung Lee 1

1경성대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

[Purpose] The study aimed to investigate research trends in domestic music therapy for hospice patients and verify the effect size of music therapy interventions. [Method] In total, 23 journals were selected, and the study analyzed the literature by collecting data in three categories: (1) general characteristics of study participants, (2) intervention-related characteristics, and (3) effect size of the therapy. Hedge’s g was used to calculate the effect size of therapeutic interventions. [Results] First, in the general characteristics of the studies’hospice patients participants, these were mostly adults and the elderly. However, although not a large number, there were studies of children and adolescents, and the types of cancer were varied. Second, there were a number of inpatient hospices in intervention as the setting. The number of therapy sessions was usually less than 10 and the session duration was 20-40 minutes or less. Third, the effect size of music therapy intervention for hospice patients was verified. To that end, we combined t-scores means, and standard deviations from the literature, finding that sessions had a medium or high effect on average. [Conclusion] In sum, the purpose of the study was to examine research trends in domestic music therapy for hospice patients and verify the effect size of therapy interventions. In terms of the recommended direction of future research, we propose that, given the limited literature on the topic, further studies should be conducted to generate more data and verify the effect size. The findings of such studies could help support the planning of music therapy for hospice patients.

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