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A Study on the Local Government and Welfare Office in Sweden

  • Journal of the Scandinavian Society of Korea
  • Abbr : JSSK
  • 2019, (23), pp.163-190
  • Publisher : The Scandinavian Society of Korea
  • Research Area : Social Science > Area Studies > North Europe(Scandinavian)
  • Received : June 6, 2019
  • Accepted : June 23, 2019
  • Published : June 30, 2019

Park, Hyeon-Sook 1 Hong Sae Young 1

1한국외국어대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study is about Swedish local government and welfare affairs. The purpose of the study is to analyze the formation background and its features that have settled the mature local autonomy system, explore the constitutional view of the decentralization, and look at the decentralized local welfare office of Sweden. Sweden's local autonomy system had a fairly long tradition of occurring in ancient nature, and the role of the church was large before the establishment of a welfare state. Since then, the Local Administrative Act and the Local Autonomy Act have strengthened the decentralization of the local government, and the administrative reorganization, privatization, and accession of the European Union since the construction of the welfare state has taken shape of the current local autonomy system. In the Swedish Constitution, the provisions of the Instrument Act specify representative and local governments, and the Local Government Act specifically stipulates the relationship between Lanxing and Kocheng, the relationship between the central governments, and the work. Sweden's welfare offices are divided into central and local governments, Lansting and Commune. The central government is in charge of nationwide public goods such as social insurance and allowances, while Lansting is in charge of welfare affairs such as medical care, dentistry and rehabilitation as quasi-public goods. Commune is responsible for social care services and education, which take into account the needs of local residents. What's important is that such decentralization enables efficient and effective work-processing based on mature democracy.

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