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Nordic Countries’ Participation in European Integration and Nordic Identity: ‘Europeanization’ and Dual Integration

  • Journal of the Scandinavian Society of Korea
  • Abbr : JSSK
  • 2019, (23), pp.121-162
  • Publisher : The Scandinavian Society of Korea
  • Research Area : Social Science > Area Studies > North Europe(Scandinavian)
  • Received : May 29, 2019
  • Accepted : June 24, 2019
  • Published : June 30, 2019

Inchoon Kim 1

1연세대학교 동서문제연구원

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The attitudes of Nordic EU member states and their people are dual since they have strong support to Nordic cooperation and integration as well as EU remain. They embrace pragmatic and normative integration of the Nordic region and supra-national single-market integration of the EU and make full use of the opportunity for national and Nordic regional development. Though Sweden and Denmark have revealed as UK’s closest allies in EU votes and concern with their own policies and strategies, Sweden and Denmark, as small states, also regard the EU as important for their interests and prosperity. The Nordic region has been successful in overcoming financial crises, welfare and labor market reforms, among others, and has been most successful in ‘Europeanization’ of Lisbon strategy. Sweden and Denmark are key countries that have accomplished their own goals and have contributed to the EU’s goals and agenda with coexisting dual integration and dual identity.

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This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.