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Ukraine Crisis and Changes in Denmark’s Defense Strategy: Focusing on the 2022 Danish European Union Opt-Out Referendum

  • Journal of the Scandinavian Society of Korea
  • Abbr : JSSK
  • 2022, (29), pp.117-144
  • Publisher : The Scandinavian Society of Korea
  • Research Area : Social Science > Area Studies > North Europe(Scandinavian)
  • Received : June 13, 2022
  • Accepted : July 5, 2022
  • Published : June 30, 2022

OH chang-rhyong 1

1국회입법조사처

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study examines the context of the Danish referendum in 2022 and analyzes the implications of the abolition of the European Union (EU) defense opt-out on Denmark’s security and defense policy. Denmark is the only Nordic country to join both the EU and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO); however, it has an opt-out from the field of defense cooperation as it has obtained the right not to cooperate with the EU in the areas of common defense, European currency, European citizenship, and judicial and internal affairs. The Danish government has attempted to abolish opt-outs to work more effectively with the EU, but these efforts have not been successful due to public opposition. On the other hand, the ongoing war in Ukraine has resulted in increased public support for initiating defense cooperation with the EU. Based on the results of the referendum, Denmark will be able to return to the Common Defense and Security Policy (CSDP) and participate in the increasing defense cooperation between NATO and the EU.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.