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A comparative study on the changes of pension systems and outcomes for poverty alleviation in major European countries: Focusing on the combination of labour market structure

  • Korea Social Policy Review
  • Abbr : KSPR
  • 2019, 26(3), pp.251-285
  • DOI : 10.17000/kspr.26.3.201909.251
  • Publisher : Korean Association of Social Policy
  • Research Area : Social Science > Sociology > Medical / Welfare / Social policy
  • Received : July 31, 2019
  • Accepted : September 10, 2019
  • Published : September 30, 2019

LEE DAH MI 1

1한양대학교 미래사회연구소

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study aims to explore the combination of the changes in the pension systems and the labour market structure (i.e. labour market flexibility and dualisation), and its outcomes for poverty alleviation of the elderly in major European countries using Fs/QCA. The results are as follows. First, elderly poverty is managed not only by the pension system but also by how it is combined with the labour market environment at the time of work. Second, the outcome for poverty alleviation of the elderly depends on how countries manage the labour market flexibility. Third, while the generous public pension alone does not prevent elderly poverty, limited minimum income protection for the elderly causes elderly poverty; adequate minimum income protection for the elderly manages the adverse outcome such as labour market dualisation. On the basis of these findings, this paper suggests the labour market policy - which can improve the quality of secondary labour market – to be accompanied by adequate minimum income protection for the elderly. Further, it is necessary to clarify the role between income-related pension and basic income security system.

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