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A Study of Multi-group Path Analysis on Difference of Welfare Attitude between North Korean Defectors and South Koreans

  • Korea Social Policy Review
  • Abbr : KSPR
  • 2020, 27(1), pp.65-87
  • DOI : 10.17000/kspr.27.1.202003.65
  • Publisher : Korean Association of Social Policy
  • Research Area : Social Science > Sociology > Medical / Welfare / Social policy
  • Received : December 27, 2019
  • Accepted : February 12, 2020
  • Published : March 31, 2020

Ahn, Sang-Hoon 1

1서울대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study statistically examined similarities and differences in theoretical path of welfare attitude between North Korean defectors and South Korean residents, which was suggested based on the theories of social stratification. A method of multi-group path analysis was applied to examine configural invariance and cross-group equality constraints. Analytical results shows that hypotheses of configural invariance and almost all of cross-group equality constraints except coefficients from educational level was accepted. All in all, hypothesis of the theoretical path structure of social stratification, in which welfare attitude is determined by the mediating variable of strata consciousness. Subject strata consciousness is in turn determined by objective variables of education level, income level and housing status. This means that hypotheses of human capital theory and housing class theory are also statistically accepted. In conclusion, some implications for politics and policy-making are suggested on the basis of the statistical results. There are possibilities that result in soft-landing of welfare political conflicts between North and South residents. Policy orientation for North Korean defectors should be modified to expand more social services of activation and housing security, beyond the passive measure of income transfers.

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