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Review of the main contents and effectiveness of the Act On The Employment Improvement of Domestic Workers

  • Legal Theory & Practice Review
  • Abbr : LTPR
  • 2022, 10(4), pp.381-405
  • Publisher : The Korea Society for Legal Theory and Practice Inc.
  • Research Area : Social Science > Law
  • Received : November 4, 2022
  • Accepted : November 21, 2022
  • Published : November 30, 2022

Oh, Ho-Cheol 1

1화성의과학대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

For 68 years after the Labor Standards Act was enacted in 1953, domestics workers have been explicitly excluded from major labor laws, including the Labor Standards Act, through the exclusion of housekeeper in Article 11 of the Labor Standards Act. The reasons why domestics workers in household services are excluded from the labor law are mainly based on the difficulty of state’s supervision considering user and his(her) personal friendship, concerns over privacy violations in the home, lack of ability in the four insurance premiums of individual households, and the difficulty in seeing individuals as users. There has been a lot of criticism about this, but domestics workers have always been workers who are not protected under the Labor Standards Act. From June 16, 2022, the Act on the employment improvement of domestics workers was enacted and implemented. According to this law, most of the household service market remained in informal areas through job offices or individuals. So it was insufficient to guarantee the quality of household services and protect domestics workers. And the current labor relations law excludes housekeepers and employment activities in households, so it is necessary to improve the poor working conditions of domestics workers. Therefore, this paper reviews the background of the enactment so that the Act was implemented to provide high-quality and customized services to users, lay the foundation for revitalizing the domestic service market, and guarantee the rights of domestics workers. Therefore, this paper examined the relationship with other laws, certification of domestic service providers, domestic service use contracts, and labor contracts of domestics workers as the main contents of Act on the employment improvement of domestics workers. In addition, the effectiveness of Act on the employment improvement of domestics workers was reviewed, and incentives should be further expanded so that household service providers can receive a lot of government certification. In addition, it would be desirable to guarantee the break time of domestics workers by law by dividing the type of household business and the time to provide household services in detail rather than leaving it to the contract of use between domestics workers and users. Finally, the responsibility of household service users is insufficient. Therefore, at least more responsibility should be strengthened for household service users to prevent infringement of personal rights against domestics workers.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.