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A Study on Eco-feminism Poetry:Psychological Distance of Personas

  • Korean Language & Literature
  • 2012, (81), pp.223-248
  • Publisher : Korean Language & Literature
  • Research Area : Humanities > Korean Language and Literature

Kim Ji Yeon 1

1제주대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This is a study of the poetic persona and the psychological distance in eco-feminism poetry. In this study, the discussion is focused on the subject of psychological distance shown according to three different narrator viewpoints. They can be summerized as follows:First, in eco-feminism poetry, the subjective persona's attitude toward poetic object is active, and the persona shows active intervention. The persona's distance to the poetic object is short and sometimes the persona is identified with the object. The desire most activately expressed in the subjective persona's voice may express sexual desire, but it also transcends desire toward productivity. In eco-feminism poetry, the subjective persona reveals the active desire of a woman, and beyond. She experiences motherhood. Secondly, the objective persona's attitude to the poetic object is contemplative, and passive intervention is limited. The persona maintains a distance from the object by separating it from herself. The subjective persona mentioned above shows sentimental and sensual images, while the objective persona shows rational images in that she tries to weigh the ecological meaning of the poetic object. Third,ly, the combined persona shows two types of attitudes of the subjective and the objective personas in treating the poetic objects. Therefore, the distance between the two is expressed in the works. In general, the movement proceeds from a greater distance to a shorter distance because the persona follows the process of communing and assimilating with the object through observation and contemplation. The ultimate aim of eco-feminism is 'a harmonious world'. This is expressed in the eco-feminism poetry in the form of communion or assimilation between the persona and natural objects. Therefore, the world of poetry in which humans and nature co-exist in absence of prejudice can be significant.

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This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.