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Study on the Tendency of Art of Loie Fuller from the Viewpoint of Art Nouveau

Cho, Eun Sook 1

1중앙대학교

Candidate

ABSTRACT

Modern dance among the dancing art has demonstrated revolutionary changes to the existing styles and was introduced to the USA and Europe at the end of the 1900's as a pet name of 'barefoot dance'. Escaping from the existing standardized ballet technique, it developed a new style technique and after throwing away corsets, dancers wore loose clothes and danced in their bare feet according to concert music, which aroused great revolution in those days. Modern dance attracted much interest in those days as a suggestion of new arts and a symbolic dance. As reformers of modern dance in those days, most books about dancing history mention Loie Fuller, Isadora Duncan and Ruth St. Denis. But unlikely as Duncan and Denis whose researches were made through various approaches as reformers of modern dance, Fuller is just mentioned simply. If we examine the dancing history, Fuller gave much influence to Duncan and Denis. By means of invitation of Fuller who had done activities in Europe, Duncan did provincial performance together with her. And Denis's stage technique was influenced by Fuller's work. Furthermore, she paid her respects to Fuller by making her work「Vale la Loie (Waltz for Loie)(1924)」. In documentary records, Fuller is mentioned either as a performer, an art director or an actor and even as an engineer, which makes us know that she had relationship in various genres. It seems that the reason for referring to Loie Fuller(1862-1928) as various modifiers is because the art pursued by her was not limited only to the genre of dance but she pursued illusion through general arts using lighting and clothes. Fuller's epochal works using lighting and colors had great success in Europe and her artistic style harmonized with the Art Nouveau that was popular in arts and construction of Europe in those days, so interchange with other arts was naturally made. Her works using soft lines and various colors' lights coincided with the tendency of Art Nouveau that intended to create a new style through soft and flexible lines by escaping from tradition. Purpose of this study is to examine artistic tendency of Loie Fuller with Art Nouveau style and to argue characteristics of Fuller's dance that attempted illusion and transformation using lighting and colors in a dancing art for the first time. In order to fulfill this purpose, the researcher intends to search for the concept of Art Nouveau and to argue the tendency of Art Nouveau in Fuller's dance. In addition, the researcher also intends to argue characteristics of Fuller's dance through her works.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.