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Control of Records by the Residency-General and Japanese Invasion of Joseon

  • The Korean Journal of Archival Studies
  • 2014, (41), pp.213-259
  • Publisher : Korean Society Of Archival Studies
  • Research Area : Interdisciplinary Studies > Library and Information Science

Young Hak LEE 1

1한국외국어대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This paper illustrates the process of Japanese invasion of Joseon. In theDecember of 1905, specifically, Japan established the Residency-General inorder to reform systems of government and to control records. Japan founded the Residency-General to reinforce the internal affairs ofJoseon. Then, they reorganized systems of government using Joseon’sbureaucracy system. The reorganization facilitated control of current andnon-current records. After all, this helped Japan to know the actualcircumstances of Joseon and the invasion of Joseon. To be specific, Japan organized the records at the Kyujanggak, animperial library of the Joseon Dynasty, for understanding historical recordsand dominated Joseon government’s current records for comprehendingvulnerability of Joseon. On the other hand, Japan invaded Joseon byjustifying their actions as ‘administration improvement’ and ‘reformation’. Here are the actual examples. First, the Residency-General dominatedthe Kyujanggak and reorganized historical records which were stored there. It lasted for two years and let Japan comprehend the course of Joseonhistory. Second, the Residency-General collected and arranged currentrecords of Joseon. It was buckled down in the August of 1910, when theGreat Han Empire collapsed. After the fall of the Great Han Empire, the Residency-General transferred government records from the JapaneseGovernment-General of Korea in order to understand the state of Joseon. Last, the Residency-General arranged records on both governmental and theImperial property, then most of them reverted to national property.

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