본문 바로가기
  • Home

An Interpretation of the Gaps between -‘Fact’ and ‘Oral Materials’ in Political Elite Oral History

  • The Korean Journal of Archival Studies
  • 2015, (43), pp.43-70
  • Publisher : Korean Society Of Archival Studies
  • Research Area : Interdisciplinary Studies > Library and Information Science

조영재 1

1명지대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The value and validity of elite oral materials have been questionedbecause of their gaps with ‘fact’. The purpose of this article is to analyzethese gaps and to propose some solutions that can reduce the gaps. According to the analysis of this article, there are three types of the gapsthat qualitatively differ from each other. The first type of the gaps isproduced in the process of generation of memory. This type is madebecause informants cognize and memorize the facts that exist outsidethemselves. Selective cognition, selective memory and individual experiencecome under this category. The second type is produced in the process ofpreserving the memory. Forgetting and memory transformation are mainexamples of this type. The third type is produced in the process of theinterviews with the informants. False statements or lies fall into this category. The main conclusions are as follows. 1) all gaps in oral materials are notnecessarily negative. It is because Some of these gaps- the first and the secondtype- are not only parts of the real world but also very useful for interpretingthe world. 2) The third type of the gaps are very harmful and it is need to beeradicated or reduced. For this, this article proposes some solutions.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.