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Rereading Neo-Realistic School as Avant-garde in the early 20th Century: Focusing on the Influence of Surrealism

  • The Journal of Aesthetics and Science of Art
  • Abbr : JASA
  • 2024, 71(), pp.138-160
  • DOI : 10.17527/JASA.71.0.07
  • Publisher : 한국미학예술학회
  • Research Area : Arts and Kinesiology > Other Arts and Kinesiology
  • Received : December 15, 2023
  • Accepted : January 13, 2024
  • Published : February 28, 2024

Hea-Seung Kang 1

1상명대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study focuses on the role of the Neo-Realistic School (1947-1953), which introduced the avant-garde movement of the early 20th century, which sought to break with the representational tradition of the past, to the Korean art world, and attempts to read the meaning of Neo-Reality in the context of the avant-garde. The School, which opened the way to modern times in the 1950s, sought to present expressions of a new era in Korean art. The three founding members were conscious of the changing times and embraced various avant-garde trends through Japan in the 1930s. The point that this thesis focuses on is the aesthetic discontinuity and the influence of surrealism that inevitably occurred in the process of transiting through Japan. Although it was omitted in previous research, early Korean abstract artists recognized surrealism as the content of abstraction through their activities in the Japanese Free Artists’ Association. In fact, it is difficult to discuss the specific meaning of Neo-Reality without mentioning the influence of Surrealism. Accordingly, this study aims to aesthetically examine the complex aspects of the avant-garde art trends found in Korea’s early abstract works, and also to specify the meaning of Neo-Reality in connection with surrealism.

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