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A Study on the Structural Connection between Complement of Result and Potential-Marking Complement of Modern Chinese based on the Relevance between Causativity and Passivity

  • The Journal of Study on Language and Culture of Korea and China
  • Abbr : JSLCKC
  • 2008, (17), pp.119-144
  • DOI : 10.16874/jslckc.2008..17.007
  • Publisher : Korean Society of Study on Chinese Languge and Culture
  • Research Area : Humanities > Chinese Language and Literature
  • Published : August 31, 2008

金玧廷 1

1한국외국어대학교

Candidate

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this paper is to explore the structural connection between Complement of Result (CR) and Potential-Marking Complement (PMC) in Modern Chinese based on the semantic relevance between causativity and passivity. This research found that the only difference was the addition of the mark de between PMC and CR. Also, this paper will suggest that the semantic relevance between causativity and passivity is a clue to understanding the close structural connection between these two structures. In particular, this paper includes a cross-linguistic analysis of the semantic relevance between causativity and passivity, resulting in the phenomenon that these two categories are expressed as the same form. It has already been suggested that there is causativity in CR and that there is passivity in PMC, so it is the hope of this paper that the result that causativity and passivity are related both semantically and syntactically will clarify the structural connection between CR and PMC. This paper is formed by the following discussions: (1) to examine the common semantic feature between causativity and passivity; (2) to analyze the causativity of CR and the passivity of PMC; (3) to examine the functional division made by the relevance between CR and PMC by comparative analysis of these two complement constructions.

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