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A study on the correlation between passive voice and the function of showing respect in ancient chinese - Focusing on A见V sentence

  • The Journal of Study on Language and Culture of Korea and China
  • Abbr : JSLCKC
  • 2015, (39), pp.29-48
  • DOI : 10.16874/jslckc.2015..39.002
  • Publisher : Korean Society of Study on Chinese Languge and Culture
  • Research Area : Humanities > Chinese Language and Literature
  • Published : October 31, 2015

Hyang Lan Park 1

1경북대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

In ancient Chinese Jian(见) in the construction ‘Jian(见)+V’ can be used in passive sentences and active sentences. In active sentences the nature and the function of Jian(见) in ‘Jian(见)+V’ has always been controversial. Some scholars consider it a demonstrative pronoun, and some consider it a verb or an adverb showing respect. This paper is opposed to those two opinions. In Middle Chinese Jian(见) in active sentences seems to be able to show respect,it is a result caused by the change of the syntactic environment, rather than the semantic change of Jian(见). Through describing the syntactic and semantic change of the passive marker Jian(见), this paper analyses the syntactic and semantic conditions and mechanisms about the reason of showing respect, and explores the correlation between the passive voice and the function of showing respect.

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