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Semantic Feature Analysis and Grammatical Error Types of “Jianyuju(兼語句)” in Modern Chinese

  • The Journal of Study on Language and Culture of Korea and China
  • Abbr : JSLCKC
  • 2016, (40), pp.49-80
  • DOI : 10.16874/jslckc.2016..40.003
  • Publisher : Korean Society of Study on Chinese Languge and Culture
  • Research Area : Humanities > Chinese Language and Literature
  • Published : February 28, 2016

Min JaeHong 1

1덕성여자대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

“Jianyuju”(‘N1 + V1 + N2 + V2’) is a predicate type that arouses people’s constant discussion. In Modern Chinese “Jianyuju” means a sentence with its object plays as subject of the second verb simultaneously. The first verb in a “Jianyuju” has meaning of incurring and results in appearance of the second verb. This paper intends to have a semantic feature analysis and grammatical error pattern of “Jianyuju(兼語句)” in Modern Chinese. In respect of syntax, ‘V1’ of this construct is a combination of object and subject, in respect of semantic ‘N1’ is the conductor of ‘V1’, ‘N2’ is the receiver of ‘V1’ and conductor of ‘V2’, and there is a controlling relation between ‘N1’ and ‘N2’. This paper focus on [-致使] semantic feature and compare with “Shi Jianyuju(使兼語句)” and “Ling Jianyuju(令兼語句)”. After analyzing the errors of students, the essay classifies the errors into four types: lack of elements, redundant adding of elements, errors of elements, errors of the structure. Since the main problems concentrating on the usage of the first type of “Jianyuju” structure, the essay analyzes the errors of each type and gives some possible reasons for them.

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