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The study of expression of temporal cognition adjectives in Modern Chinese - Focus on adjectives predicate sentence “phase” of explanation

  • The Journal of Study on Language and Culture of Korea and China
  • Abbr : JSLCKC
  • 2016, (41), pp.39-69
  • DOI : 10.16874/jslckc.2016..41.003
  • Publisher : Korean Society of Study on Chinese Languge and Culture
  • Research Area : Humanities > Chinese Language and Literature
  • Published : June 30, 2016

GUO YI BIN 1

1수원대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This paper proposes “phasal adjective” category which is an expression of the state-of affairs phase in adjective event structure. This is different from other papers the division of the adjectives, which are qualitative adjectives, state adjectives and dynamic adjectives. When we explain temporal cognitive processes of adjectives, this paper advocates adopting two-dimensional “state-of affairs development model” based on passage of time associated with events development. We mainly studied expression of the age (small, young and old), speed (fast and slow), time (early and late), dimension (large and small), color, value (good and bad) and other groups of core attributes of adjectives, and studied difference when expressed in time cognition exhibited "state of affairs phase" and “time phase”. Finally, we analyze the intervention of phase adverb "yijing / hai(meiyou)" , we explain the pragmatic level on its interpretation of the mandatory and contradictions, demonstrated the necessity of adopting the event framework.

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