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A Contrastive Analysis of the Types of Figurative Language in Korean and Chinese

  • The Journal of Study on Language and Culture of Korea and China
  • Abbr : JSLCKC
  • 2023, (69), pp.67-92
  • DOI : 10.16874/jslckc.2023..69.003
  • Publisher : Korean Society of Study on Chinese Languge and Culture
  • Research Area : Humanities > Chinese Language and Literature
  • Received : July 10, 2023
  • Accepted : August 20, 2023
  • Published : August 31, 2023

Gijeong Jeon 1

1선문대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

In this paper, the types of figurative language in Korean and Chinese were contrasted. As a result, both languages classify similes and metaphors as types of figurative language. On the other hand, in Chinese, 借喩 is treated as a basic type of figurative language, but in Korean, it is not mentioned at all, or if does, it is included in a subtype of figurative language. In addition, while Korean treats Metonymy, Synecdoche, Personification as typical types of figurative language, Chinese classifies similar concepts such as 比擬 and 借代 as branches of rhetoric, different from figurative language. Korean and Chinese classify figurative language differently because they have different perspectives on the classification criteria or the components of figurative language. In Chinese, a “vehicle” must appear in the surface structure to be a figurative language, and “similarity” is regarded as an essential component, while “contiguity” or “relevance” is not considered as a component of figurative language. However, in Korean, there is no restriction on whether a “tenor” or “vehicle” appears, and there is a tendency not to strictly restric conditions such as “similarity”.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.