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Korean Expression Types and Semantic Features of the Chinese Conjunction 'Nǎpà' from the Perspective of Scalar Model

  • The Journal of Study on Language and Culture of Korea and China
  • Abbr : JSLCKC
  • 2023, (69), pp.127-154
  • DOI : 10.16874/jslckc.2023..69.005
  • Publisher : Korean Society of Study on Chinese Languge and Culture
  • Research Area : Humanities > Chinese Language and Literature
  • Received : July 10, 2023
  • Accepted : August 20, 2023
  • Published : August 31, 2023

Shan, Qing-cong 1

1上海外国语大学

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The Chinese conjunction 'Nǎpà' is an expression with obvious magnitude and polysemy characteristics. This paper mainly takes advantage of the scalar model to analyze 'Nǎpà' and its Korean expression types and semantic characteristics from the perspective of Chinese-Korean correspondence. The following conclusions are drawn: First, the Korean expression types corresponding to the Chinese conjunction 'Nǎpà' are diverse, but the semantic types are relatively clear, which are mainly reflected in the two categories of concession expressions and conditional expressions. Typical minimum concession types '-(i)rado', '-a/o/yodo', etc., identity concession '-do', restrictive concession '-kkaji', unconditional concession 'amuri…haedo', and conditions type '-(eu)myon' etc. Second, related expressions in Chinese and Korean show different cognitive characteristics of scalar propositions in the horizontal direction, and in the vertical direction, the (interactive) subjectivity of 'Nǎpà' in Chinese is more prominent than that in Korean expressions. Thirdly, the horizontal semantic features of Chinese and Korean expressions can be preliminarily explained from the lexicalization process at the diachronic level of Chinese and the similar semantics expressed by different grammatical repositories at the synchronic level, while the vertical semantic features we make a preliminary explanation from the strong correlation between the rhetorical semantics of 'Nǎpà' itself and (interactive) subjectivity and the context adaptation of both parties in the process of discourse communication.

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