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Requirement of Cult Reform in Deuteronomy and Kings' Reform

Eunwoo Lee 1

1장로회신학대학교

Candidate

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to compare the descriptions of cult reform in Dtn 7: 5; 12: 3 and them in Exodus, Judges, Kings, and Chronicles, to examine the feature of each description, and to investigate if they are deuteronomistic or not. For this purpose, this author will compare and analyse parallel texts requiring the destruction of foreign cultic materials. Therefore, the main method of this study is to compare and analyse the vocabularies in these texts. The main objects of this study are nouns related with undesirable cultic entities and verbs related with the demolition of them. The texts of the destruction of cultic installations in Kings have verbal correspondences with the counterparts in Deuteronomy. However, the fact that similar expressions appear in Exodus, Judges, and Chronicles, makes this study more complicated. Some scholars try to link them in Exodus with Deuteronomist, but it is not easy to decide the order of similar texts in Exodus and Deuteronomy. The explanation on the texts of cultic reform in Chronicles is not so simple as well. It is too simple to think that Chronicles was influenced by Deuteronomist(s), because these expressions and vocabularies are much more related with the former. In addition, the relationship between the parallel texts of destruction of cultic entities in Kings and Chronicles seems to be much closer than that between Deuteronomy and Chronicles. It is also problematic to put Gideon's cultic reform story into the context of Deuteronomist. The comparative study of the expressions and vocabu- lary in these texts seems to make it irrelevant to ascribe these texts to the Deuteronomist. Through this study, we will understand the texts on the reform of cult better and closer. Furthermore, we can grasp one of the weak points of those scholars who still support the so-called Deuteronomstic theory.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.