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Was Qoheleth an Anti-Feminist?: Ecclesiastes 7:25-29

Cha, Jun-Hee 1

1한세대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The research range of this thesis is Ecclesiastes 7:25-29, which is the most convoluted verses in the book. From the verses, in particular, this study focuses on verse 26, which is the most controversial. The feature of Qohelet is decided by the understanding of the verse, which contains misogynistic contents. This thesis will introduce and evaluate existing theories, and uphold one of those. First of all, the stance that verse 26 is 'the statement of hatred of women,' is contradictory to Ecclesiastes 9:9 which clearly, affirmatively evaluates woman. The view that the verse is 'the partial statement of hatred of women', also, has a grammatical flaw because the sentence of <asher hi> is not used as the restrictive use, but the explicative use. Another stance that the verse is a 'metaphorical statement' is impracticable. This is because it is not appropriate to interpret metaphorically only the word in v. 26 even though the same word occurs two times in a pharagraph: 'the woman<haisha>' in v. 26 and "women<isha> in v. 28. To understand this passage, 'quotation theory' as a new interpret in reference to this verse seems to be highly probable. If 'quotation theory' is right, Qohelet is not a Anti-Feminist. Rather, Qohelet argues that the claim of hatred of women is weak, foolish, folly, and the typical act of insanity.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.