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A Study of ‘Amos’ Pronouncing the Grace of YHWH - An Exegetical Study on Amos 5:1-17 -

  • Korean Journal of Old Testament Studies
  • Abbr : KJOTS
  • 2021, 27(3), pp.155-180
  • DOI : 10.24333/jkots.2021.27.3.155
  • Publisher : Korean Society of Old Testament Studies
  • Research Area : Humanities > Christian Theology
  • Received : July 15, 2021
  • Accepted : August 17, 2021

Sang-Won Lee 1

1장로회신학대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this article is to determine the time of writing and intent of the oldest book of Amos. For this purpose, I analyze Amos 5:1-17 located in the very middle of the book of Amos. First, I investigate the structure and the redactional process of the book of Amos. I argue that the text of 5:1-17 plays an important role in determining of the time of writing and intent of the oldest book of Amos. Next, I discuss the structure of the text and determine the fundamental literary unit by examining the literary coherence of the text. Finally, I analyze and interpret the literary unit from a pragmatic perspective. The fundamental literary unit which consists of Amos 5:1-12.14-17* is composed in a chiastic structure with its center at vv. 8-9. Three rings enclose the center, and the themes of death, life and social justice one after another flow toward the hymn of YHWH as creator and judge at the center. The text condemns the social injustice of the Northern Kingdom of Israel and declares death as the judgement of YHWH. Concurrently, life as the alternative to death is proposed. The way of life is to seek YHWH and to realize social justice. The text of Amos 5:1-12.14-17* is the prophecy of the divine judgement which Amos’ disciples pronounced in 733/2-722/1 B.C.E. by means of lament. This prophecy is the application of the original message of Amos in a new historical situation. It exposes explicitly the original intent of the prophecy, namely, a call to repentance by use of the exhortation toward life. The text gives an example of ‘Fortschreibung’ which indicates the process of interpretation of the prophet’s original message in the Prophets.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.