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Political Parties during Zedekiah's Reign in Jeremiah Chapters 37-39

정미혜 1

1서울신학대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The book of Jeremiah is the most politically oriented of the prophetic books. Hatti-land, where ancient Judah was located, lies between Babylon, Assyria (the great empire of Mesopotamia), and Egypt. Since the Hatti-land countries acted as buffers of power between these superpowers, Judah influenced and was influenced by relations with these great powers. Empires conquer, colonize and intervene for their own benefit. The small Hatti-land countries were geopolitically interfered with by the empires of Mesopotamia and Egypt. Moreover, Judah was destroyed by Babylon in 587 BCE and became a Babylonian colony. Therefore, it is important to look at the power dynamics of the great powers of the time. Nebuchadnezzar changed the name of Jehoiachin’s uncle Mattaniah to Zedekiah and made him king of Judah in place of Jehoiachin (2 Kings 24:17). Zedekiah’s mother was Hamutal, the mother of Jehoahaz, who was supported by the pro-Babylonians. Although Zedekiah grew up in a pro-Babylonian environment, during Zedekiah's reign, the pro-Babylonians held only weak political power. Therefore, Zedekiah adopted a pro-Egyptian policy. Chapters 37-39 of the Book of Jeremiah detail the ideological aspects of Judah's political parties through their relationships with empires during the reign of Zedekiah.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.