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Socialist Ideology and Ideal Norm of ‘Love’: Focused on Zhao Shuli’s “Xiao Erhei’s Marriage”

Kim, Yun-Su 1

1인하대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

In the early 20th century, when ‘love’ spread in China, ‘free love’ was a term meaning free love between men and women and emerged as a means of institutional reform against the patriarchal traditional society. However, at the time of the revolution, a large number of Chinese intellectuals began to look for the theory of ‘love’ newly in the light of socialist love. Particularly, in the Yan’an era, ‘love’ was placed in the public domain, not the private domain, in order to establish the ‘love theory’ in line with socialist ideology. Originally, ‘free love’ was the exclusive property of the intellectual class, but in the Yan’an era, it was intended to establish a new social order by spreading ‘free love’ to the peasant class. The ‘love’ of the male and female characters in Zhao Shuli’s “Xiao Erhei’s Marriage”, which caused a great sensation in Yan’an era in 1942, was different from the ‘love’ in existing works. ‘Free love’ was the exclusive property of the intellectual class, and although the marriage law was enforced, love for farmers was just vague and abstract. This work allowed the farmers to naturally accept modern marriage culture by clearly showing the way how the two young man and woman love and marry eventually. And “Xiao Erhei’s Marriage” shows the process of the collapse of ‘father’-oriented family order according to socialist ideology by the medium of Xiao Erhei and Xiao Qin’s love and marriage. The success of their marriage, based on new ‘father’ centered on the village headman, socialist ideology, shows that the socialist ideology penetrated into the space called ‘house’, a private domain separated from the national system.

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* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.