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The Comparative Research on The Cloud Dream of the Nine and Journey to the West

  • Journal of Korean Literature
  • 2013, (28), pp.85-108
  • Publisher : The Society Of Korean Literature
  • Research Area : Humanities > Korean Language and Literature
  • Published : November 30, 2013

최유학 1

1중국 中央民族大學

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This paper analyzes the similarity between The Cloud Dream of the Nine and Journey to the West from the aspects of motif, characters, place name, number with methodology of comparative literature, as well as probes into influence relationships of two works. Wu Cheng’en(1500∼1582) and Kim Man Choong(1637∼1692), they were both trying to escape from irrational reality through fantastic dream. The dreams in two novels share many similarities. And the most obvious sign of receptiveness is the stories relating to dream. The story of dream about cutting dragon of Jinghe river(夢斬涇河龍) is simply referred to in The Cloud Dream of the Nine , which is narrated in detail in Journey to the West, it shows that Kim Man Choong is using the same related motif of Journey to the West. The motifs of the immortal scattered and rebirth in two works are sharing similarities, and the structures of narrating are both the structure of journey-type novels. Further more, the two works are sharing similarities in the motifs of become number one scholar and couple alliance. The motif of immortality in two works is similar. The lead characters in two novels are longing to live forever, and there are many immortals who can live forever, the logic about immortality is explained by the point of view from Buddhism, Daoism or Confucianism. Comparing characters of two works, they are sharing the similarities in some aspects, such as personal character and experience. In two works, there are some the same or similar place names and they both try giving special meanings to some numbers. The Cloud Dream of the Nine and Journey to the West are both under the background of the same Chinese character cultural circle, and sharing many similarities between them. Some of the similarities are shown that the receptiveness of The Cloud Dream of the Nine from Journey to the West.

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