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The Mythical Idea about Fertility and the Meaning of Segyeong-bonpuri

  • Journal of Korean Literature
  • 2013, (28), pp.111-144
  • Publisher : The Society Of Korean Literature
  • Research Area : Humanities > Korean Language and Literature
  • Published : November 30, 2013

Jeong, Jin-hee 1

1아주대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to reveal the mythical meaning of Segyeong-bonpuri(세경본풀이) which is the shaman-song performed at ritual to pray for fertility in Jeju island. In order to accomplish this purpose, this study examine the key stories of the Segyeong-bonpuri(세경본풀이) which are about ‘Jacheongbi(자청비)’ and ‘Mundoryeong(문도령)’, and about ‘Jacheongbi’ and ‘Jeongsunam(정수남)’. Though these stories may look isolated from ritual function of Segyeong-bonpuri, they are closely connected with the ritual in terms of showing the mythological principle of fertility and mythical ideal type. Firstly, in the love story of Jacheongbi and Mundoryeong, Jacheongbi from the ground got married with Mundoryeong from the heaven and bring the seed of heaven to the ground. In the other side of this story, there is a mythical idea which is that the root of fertility is in the heaven and the seeds from heaven guarantee of richness on the ground. Nextly, the story of Jacheongbi and Jeongsunam shows the relation between the garzing represented by Jeongsunam and the richness of agriculture. The grazing disturbs the richness of agriculture by capturing cultivated land. However, it becomes chances exploring richness and fertility not on the ground but in the heaven. Jacheongbi is described for the character brings richness in the heaven to the ground in the love story with Mundoryeong. And in the story with Jeongsunam, She functions as the character relocates grazing being good for agriculture from being bad for richness. In short, Segyeong-bonpuri is the myth about the goddess of fertility and richness. She is not only bringing richness in the heaven to the ground but also relocating grazing being bad for agricultural richness to being good for it. The connection between the narrative and the ritual function of Segyeong-bonpuri has found at this point.

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