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The Congolese Strife for Survival and Stability Against Postcolonial Violence and Globalized Neoliberal Capitalist's Exploitation in Lynn Nottage's Ruined

  • Journal of Modern English Drama
  • Abbr : JMBARD
  • 2014, 27(1), pp.5-36
  • Publisher : 한국현대영미드라마학회
  • Research Area : Humanities > English Language and Literature > English Literature > Contemporary English Drama

Kang, Hyeong-min 1

1건국대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Lynn Nottage, an African American woman playwright, in her Pulitzer Prize winning play Ruined, accuses the devastation of the prolonged conflict of the DRC since 1998. The DRC had been victimized and plundered by the Western Countries since 1884 as a Belgium colony. Even after its nominal independence, the DRC has been controlled and exploited not just by the Western countries and its neighboring countries but also by the transnational corporations that have wanted to extort the DRC’s rich natural resources. In Ruined, Nottage presents the three types of violence--genocide, violence including forced rape on civilian women, and prevalent exploitation on the Congolese civilians and natural resources--perpetrated by the government army as well as the rebels in the DRC’s conflict. Nottage argues that despite their political arguments, the government army as well as the rebels massacres their enemies for revenge. They also use rape as a weapon of war since they rape their enemy’s women for genocidal purpose by frequently mutilating women’s body. Most importantly, however, these military groups are doing this military campaign for their financial interests. That is, by controlling the mineral-rich areas, they could extract minerals and sell them to the transnational corporations. Therefore, Nottage indicts the transnational corporations for fuelling the Congolese conflict. Nottage suggests, however, that the main characters in Ruined never give up their fight for the peace and stability of their country. In order to help them achieve their goals, Nottage asks the audience/reader to act in order to finish the violence in the DRC.

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