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A Study of Meaning Extension of Korean Verb Sotdda based on Embodiment

  • Korean Semantics
  • 2017, 56(), pp.35-55
  • Publisher : The Society Of Korean Semantics
  • Research Area : Humanities > Korean Language and Literature
  • Published : June 30, 2017

Lim Tae-sung 1

1경북대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study investigates the meaning extension of Korean verb ‘sotdda’. A meaning is based on embodiment, ‘embodied meaning’ conceptualizes as our experiences. The meaning extension is systematic by mechanisms of ‘Conceptual Metonymy’, ‘Conceptual Metaphor’, and ‘Fictive motion’. ‘Sotdda’ is the verb to imply directionality and to represent the change of state. ‘Sotdda’ extends from physical object to abstract object. Firstly, ‘sotdda’ extends to internally or externally bodily change like blood, chest, tooth, freckle, and lumbar etc. In this case, ‘sotdda’ is focusing an ending point by ‘Conceptual Metonymy’. Secondly, ‘sotdda’ extends fictively. In this case, ‘sotdda’ describes non-moving entity as moving entity like rock, mountain, hill, flower, building, bat, tower etc. Finally, ‘sotdda’ extends abstract object by ‘Conceptual Metaphor’. The directionality of ‘sotdda’ extends to positive or negative emotion. The positive emotion of ‘sotdda’ is of relevance to internal energy or external popularity. The negative emotion of ‘sotdda’ is of relevance to internal energy or external stimulation. And ‘sotdda’ extends to a solution in the idiomatic expression involving directionality. The extension of size is an external realization and value like history and gold. And ‘sotdda’ extends to an entity's awareness like the deceased. This study presents that the meaning extension of ‘sotdda’ is systematic in embodiment.

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