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A Study of Korean Scope Expressions

  • Korean Semantics
  • 2019, 64(), pp.57-84
  • DOI : 10.19033/sks.2019.6.64.57
  • Publisher : The Society Of Korean Semantics
  • Research Area : Humanities > Korean Language and Literature
  • Received : May 5, 2019
  • Accepted : June 19, 2019
  • Published : June 30, 2019

Lee, Hong-mei 1

1남경사범대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study reviewed case studies concerning Korean scope expressions so far in order to establish a foundation for scope-related researches in Korean. ‘Scopes’—semantic categories—regulate the existence and property of objects, phenomena, actions and events through ‘limits’ and ‘regions’. Scope markers, lexical and grammatical constructs that express scope functions, possess spatial and quantitative features. ‘Scopes’, as a form of spatial metaphor, are constructed by either exclusion or inclusion. The meaning of a scope can be manifested in the forms of lines, surfaces, volumes and teams. Semantic types of scopes vary, including space, time, quantity, agent, object, degree, level and so forth. In addition, ‘scopes’ have other semantic features such as integrity and locality, objectivity and subjectivity, tangibility and obscurity, movement and stillness, directionality and non-directionality, etc. When multiple scope expressions appear simultaneously, initial scopes precede final ones, temporal and spatial scopes precede quantitative ones, larger scopes precede smaller ones.

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