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Understanding the Emotions of Early Buddhism - Focusing on the standpoint of cognitive psychology -

이필원 1

1동국대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This paper focuses on understanding the emotions of Early Buddhism from the aspect of cognitive psychology. The premise of this paper is that emotions can not be healed until they are cognized. Furthermore, this paper posits that emotions are the manifestations of mental activity and regards them as synonymous with afflictions. However, this paper points out that emotions are accompanied by a ‘negative’ modifier when emotions are regarded to have the same meaning as afflictions. Above all, emotion is the outgrowth of mind activity so this paper mainly examined the Buddhist teaching of ‘eighteen compositional elements of cognition’(18界說) in Chapter 2 for the understanding of how Early Buddhism grasped the human mind. Standing on the basis of Chapter 2, this paper recast the revelation procedure of emotion in Early Buddhism in Chapter 3 and described that the characteristics of the procedure could result ‘impermanence’. In Chapter 4, this thesis considered the contents that the revealed emotion should be perceived and healed. Especially, this paper reviewed that Buddhist emotion healing could be classified into the three great divisions of ‘observation’, ‘antidotal factors’(對治), ‘insight’. Today, contemporary psychologists introduce programs which are transformations of Buddhist lessons and healing method theory (meditation)while they lay stress on emotion and use cognitive approaches widely. But having concentrated on mindfulness and similar method etc., those programs seem to have developed only limitedly the various Buddhist methods. This paper explained if we understand mind and Buddhist meditation method, many studies from various aspects will be possible and they may provide entirely different viewpoints of emotion interpretation. In addition, the psychotherapy viewpoint about emotion and the Buddhist viewpoint about emotion are equivalent in the standpoint of healing illnesses and both sides share many similar viewpoints. Therefore, this paper propounded that the comparative study of the theoretical bases and detailed methods of both is needed in order to develop the understanding and healing of emotion in the future.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.