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A Study on “Gahyunsangok” and Sangchon’s Image of Retirement in Gimpo

전재진 1

1중국 웨이하이 산동대학

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This essay was about “Gahyunsangok”(Song of Gahyun Mountain) that is included in Gobiyougo, a manuscript in the collection of Dankook University Museum. Although little is known about the author or the time that the song was created, we can surmise that it is a record of Joseon nobility, through the evidence of the custom in which descendants wrote down their ancestor’s biographies. The ‘Song of Gahyun Mountain’ appears to have a particularly close relation to Sangchon Sin Heum who was a government official and famous poet. He was a minister during King Seonjo’s reign and he was given the order to protect Prince Youngchang after the death of King Seonjo. But Prince Gwanghae who was step-brother to Youngchang became king and Sinheum was ousted from officialdom for his actions of protecting Prince Youngchang. He went back to the area of his ancestor’s tomb after being expelled from officialdom and his main concern became the Book of Changes for living in Gahyun Mountain. His attitude towards life was to know the order of the heavens and to follow it naturally. This special quality of such a life can also be found in the ‘Song of Gahyun Mountain’. The speaker of the poem talks about his free life at Gahyun Mountain and how he was satisfied by himself. In addition, the ‘Song of Gahyun Mountain’ is similar to “Banggahaeng”, a poem by Sin Heum. Especially, the introduction of both works share a common feature, such as the paragraph “small town and sky in Gahyun Mountain...” And there is also the common fact that both the speaker of the poem and Sin Heum have an interest in the Book of Changes, are are concerned not with posterior changes but native changes. This was a special phenomenon in the Joseon period and not common tendency. Such an analysis on the song of Gahyun Mountain presented in this paper will act to compliment and enhance studies on the work of Sin Heum, and the cultural contents of Gimpo, Gyonggi Province.

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