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On the Citation of Shuowen Jiezi (說文解字) in LunyuZhengyi (論語正義)

  • Journal of Humanities, Seoul National University
  • 2018, 75(2), pp.81-114
  • DOI : 10.17326/jhsnu.75.2.201805.81
  • Publisher : Institute of Humanities, Seoul National University
  • Research Area : Humanities > Other Humanities
  • Received : April 10, 2018
  • Accepted : May 2, 2018
  • Published : May 31, 2018

Sujeong Moon 1 MOON JOON HYE 1

1서울대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Lunyuzhengyi (論語正義) by Liu Baonan (劉寶楠) is an annotated book that compiles the diverse achievements of previous annotations and a wide range of comments and achievements made by scholars. Comments were made on The Analects in the book called ZhengYi using the KaoZheng (考證) method, which interprets Confucian Classics based only on the evidence. It can be distinguishingly by the fact that it demonstrates an aggressive use of Shuowen Jiezi (說文解字), compared to other works. Specifically, Shuowen Jiezi is cited as the basis of the semantic commentary in the ZhengYi; as the basis upon which the main character (本 字) is distinguished from the temporary character (假借字), and as the basis for describing the original meaning (本義) and the derived meaning (引伸義). Most of the citations using Shuowen Jiezi are necessary in order to understand the contents; however, some contents that are supposed to be discussed mainly in the field of graphonomy are also included. This phenomenon is closely related to the recognition, starting from Dai Zhen (戴震) and extending through the Duan Yucai (段玉裁), that the ultimate principle (道) can be reached through a quest for the original meaning of each letter. This recognition brought encouragement to Shuowen Jiezi studies, which resulted in more attention being paid to verifying and explaining the meaning of the letters used in the texts of the annotations on various documents. Lunyuzhengyi (論語正義) demonstrates a propensity towards Shuowen Jiezi, which was a general tendency for the KaoZheng scholars of the Qing (淸) Dynasty, and it also became a characteristic of the Yangzhou School (揚州學派) which Liu Baonan was a member of.

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