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Study on the Improvement of Legal Systems related to Industrial Complex - Focusing on the necessity of ‘Framework Act on Industrial Complex Policy’ -

  • Public Land Law Review
  • Abbr : KPLLR
  • 2020, 92(), pp.61-91
  • Publisher : Korean Public Land Law Association
  • Research Area : Social Science > Law
  • Received : November 2, 2020
  • Accepted : November 23, 2020
  • Published : November 25, 2020

Cheol-Soon Chang 1 Park Jong-Joon 2

1국토연구원
2한국법제연구원

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Industrial complexes, which have actively driven the rapid growth of the national economy for the past half century in Korea, are positioned as a key hub for the growth of domestic industries, revitalization of the regional economy, and balanced regional development. However, the domestic industrial complex policy is currently facing challenges such as digital convergence economic problems based on Artificial Intelligence, Big Data, and Internet of Things, environmental problems such as Climate change and Energy depletion. In particular, it is constantly being argued that the relevant legal system supporting the industrial complex policy should overcome the limitations caused by individual, decentralized and closed legal structures. Based on this awareness of the problem, as a result of analyzing the legal system for industrial complexes, the unclear legal status of the 「Industrial Sites and Development Act」 was confirmed. In addition, there were the limitations such as the lack of linkage and effectiveness of regulations related to industrial complex policies, the complexity of the legal system due to the mass production of special laws, and the need to effectively promote new industrial complex policies such as the Smart Green Industrial Complex. In order to effectively overcome the limitations of industrial complex-related legislation, various factors should be comprehensively considered. These include organic cooperation between relevant ministries, establishment of an integrated linkage system between industrial complex policies, introduction of an industrial complex management system for each life cycle, and the need to establish industrial complex policies on a mid- to long-term basis. As a result, it is proposed to enact the ‘Framework Act on Industrial Complex Policy’ for the purpose of improving the industrial complex legal system. Considering the simplicity of the legal system improvement direction, the specialization and reinforcement of each relevant law, and the aspect of smooth consultation between administrative agencies, this plan can be concluded as the most realistic and efficient alternative. The ‘Framework Act on Industrial Complex Policy’ will not only contribute to a new paradigm shift in the industrial complex field, but also contribute to the achievement of key tasks for national development such as industrial innovation and balanced regional development, etc.

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